- Planning & Community Development
- Days Creek Watershed Restoration
Days Creek Watershed Restoration
Goals and Objectives
- Stabilize and naturalize 33,365 linear feet of stream channels
- Restore 32 acres of wetlands
- Preservation of 135 acres of forest, and enhancement of 36 acres of forested acres.
- Provide ecological uplift of surface waters and habitats that contribute to Days Creek in immediate to very close proximity to the former Kerr-McGee Chemical Corporation Wood Treating Facility (Tronox LLC) offsetting the resource injuries and ecological service losses that have occurred over time.
- Improve native fish habitat
- Increase riparian habitat
- Promote local community economic revitalization
- Decrease risk and severity of stormwater flooding
The goal of the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) is to make the public whole by restoring injured natural resources. NRDA Trustees within the State of Texas have chosen the City of Texarkana, TX as a location to restore natural resources that have been damaged over the years by harmful chemicals and oils. The City received a grant of $9.8 million to address issues, restore and naturalize the creeks within the city that will benefit the public. The project is call Days Creek Watershed Restoration, and it will provide access, recreation, biodiversity, and decreased risk/severity of storm water threats such as flooding. Creeks that will benefit from this large scale project will include, Cowhorn Creek, Days Creek, Howard Creek, Swampoodle Creek, and Waggoner Creek. The site map overview of all projects is included below. For information regarding the timeline of the work plan and detailed tabs for each individual project please click here. For additional questions please contact Administrative Programs Manager, Keith Beason.
- Project 1
- Project 2
- Project 3
- Project 4
- Project 5
- Project 6
- Project 7
- Project 8
- Project 9
- Project 10
Project 1 - Cowhorn Creek Enhancement
This project will focus on naturalization, which will include removing concrete channels and prior construction while replacing native vegetation of approximately 2,600 linear feet of creek channel along Cowhorn Creek near the Convention Center. Naturalizing the creek will correct existing erosion and increase integrity of the creek bed and creek banks. Additional action include expanding bottomland hardwood habitats along this reach with native species, which will decrease risk and severity of flooding downstream.
Project 2 - Cowhorn Creek Enhancement
Using vegetative, structural or a combination to stabilize the Cowhorn Creek and reduce erosion failures. The stabilization of Cowhorn Creek for Project 2 will account for approximately 11,000 linear feet of eroding banks with approximately 9,000 linear feet of bioengineering and approximately 2,000 linear feet of native planting. Bioengineering includes the use of approved materials (e.g., combination of engineered and natural plant materials for live staking, fascines, brushwood, brush layers, and vegetation) to stabilize the banks as an alternative to lining the banks with concrete.
Project 3A - Cowhorn Creek Enhancement
Components include combination of restoration of the natural alignment, stabilization, and enhancement of approximately 3,000 linear feet along Cowhorn Creek near Texarkana Community College and Beverley Park Road and creation of approximately 6 acres of wetlands through the restoration of the meandering creek channel by various techniques which may include hard (i.e. rock, retaining walls, gabion wall) and soft (i.e. vegetation, trees, live crib walls) approaches: bank protection/stabilization, bank re-grading, weirs, step pools, and floodplain re-activation via side channels and wetland creation.
Project 3B - Cowhorn Creek Preservation
Preservation in perpetuity of an estimated 2.5 to 3 acres of forested habitat adjacent to the area enhanced in Project 3A. This wetland habitat will provide opportunities for recreation as well as a space for retaining storm water.
Project 4A - Cowhorn Creek Enhancement
Preservation in perpetuity of approximately 32 acres of wet forested habitat, which will also serve as space to retain storm water that overwhelms the creek channels.
Project 4B - Wetland Conservation
Enhancement, (improvement of water quality, flood water retention and wildlife habitat) of approximately 32 acres of wet forested habitat east of the Tronox Facility and Days Creek in the vicinity of Project 4A, consisting of high-quality deciduous hardwoods. Planned enhancements include litter pickup and understory seeding with native shade-tolerant species to increase the biodiversity.
Project 5 East - Days Creek Enhancement
Preservation in perpetuity of approximately 100 acres of high-quality forested riparian habitat along Days Creek, south of the Texas Viaduct.
Project 5 West - Cowhorn Creek Preservation
Preservation in perpetuity of approximately 100 acres of high-quality forested riparian habitat along Days Creek, along Waggoner Creek.
Project 6 - Days and Howard Creek Enhancement
Restoration and enhancement of approximately 2,000 linear feet at confluence of Howard Creek with Days Creek and the construction of approximately 23 acres of wetlands adjacent to Days Creek south of FM 151 and west of State Line Avenue. Activities include conducting a site assessment and modeling and providing a design in accordance with Sections 6.2 and 6.3 of Interlocal Agreement. If site conditions cannot support 23 acres of wetlands, then a new or amended Work Plan will be submitted, pursuant to Section 6.1, to the Trustees for review and approval allowing the wetlands balance to be transferred to Project 10.
Project 7 - Swampoodle Creek Enhancement
Construction of approximately 2.85 to 3 acres of wetlands, removal of approximately 665-1,000 linear feet of concrete liner along a tributary of Swampoodle Creek at Ferguson Park, and naturalization of the stream through Ferguson Park achieved through concrete removal, plan re-alignment of existing channel, and by creation of fringe wetlands and bioswales with the addition of native plantings. The existing concrete-lined channel is 10 feet wide, approximately 2.5 to 3.0 feet deep, and approximately 650 linear feet in length with no natural banks or creek bed. Wetlands will be created by allowing surface water to meander and sheet flow through parts of the landscape, while conveying storm water runoff and removing debris and pollution using bioswales.
Project 8 - Sampoodle Creek Enhancement
Removing some concrete and prior construction, restoring natural bed and bank conditions, naturalization of creek alignment, planting of native vegetation and stabilization methods to prevent and repair erosion, of approximately 11,000 linear feet of creek channel on Swampoodle Creek between Ferguson Park and Days Creek. Swampoodle Creek flows directly into Days Creek north of the Tronox Facility. Portions of the channel have concrete-lined banks and beds. The unlined channel is unstable with eroding banks. Activities include conducting a site assessment and modeling and providing a design to allow for a feasible method for channel stabilization.
Project 9 - Swampoodle Creek Enhancement
Restoration of the natural alignment of approximately 1,100 linear feet of Swampoodle Creek. Currently, portions of the creek channel, specifically at road crossings, are concrete lined. The existing concrete lining will not be removed. Unlined portions of the banks will be laid back to recreate the natural meander and restore forested riparian habitat along this segment. Swampoodle Creek will be naturalized through a combination of stream restoration techniques that may include excavation, re-grading, planting of native vegetation, and other measures. The bottomland hardwoods cleared from this project site will be restored with appropriate clearing, grubbing, soil enhancements as applicable, and native tree, shrub, and herbaceous ground cover plantings and seeding following/integrated with project site overall channel enhancement activities.
Project 10 - Waggoner Creek Enhancement
Restoration of approximately 2,000 linear feet of creek channel and at least 4 acres of riparian habitat along Waggoner Creek east of Interstate 369. Restoration techniques may include live staking, live fascines, and brush layers where banks are eroding. Activities will restore approximately 25 acres of bottomland hardwood forest and scrub shrub wetland habitat to a more native state in cleared areas that are currently a mix of grasses based on a site assessment and enhance an additional 4 acres with litter pick up and understory seeding with native shade-tolerant species to increase the biodiversity.